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Welding Protection: The Ultimate Guide


You need this protective clothing when welding

Not good protective equipment for welding

Heat, radiation, flying sparks and spatter during welding.

All this means danger for you as a welder.

Your protective clothing should therefore meet various criteria and requirements.


These are regulated in the safety regulations at work, but should also apply to you at home or in your own workshop.

The protection classes:

Of particular importance is the fact how often you carry out welding work. This special clothing is divided into two classes.

    Protection class 1:All protective clothing that has class 1 certification is intended for occasional welding.for occasional welding, it is assumed that you will be working once or twice a week.this clothing will provide you with a sufficient level of safety in your work.Protection class 2:however, if you carry out your welding work more often, i.e. several times a day, you should use class 2 protective clothing.for permanent welding, it is also advisable that you possibly reach for arm warmers and leather apron. Heat and flame resistant clothing is a must for this work.

In any case, it is important that the corresponding hazard level is accurately assessed. Then the right protective clothing for welding can be selected.

Protective clothing for welding work

You should always wear protective clothing for welding work of any kind.


It provides sufficient protection against sparks, material splashes, heat, radiation and direct contact with the welding flame.

If you carry a higher risk when welding in this respect, the protection factors of your clothing should also be correspondingly high.

Protective clothing needs thorough care to withstand the great strain. Otherwise the quality of your clothing can deteriorate quickly. Then the protective function is no longer sufficient.

Suitable protective clothing is therefore important during welding:

Not only must you protect yourself from flying sparks

If you carry out your welding work in very confined spaces, suitable ventilation must be provided.


It is also necessary to use special flame-retardant clothing when welding.

Depending on the activities to be performed, it may consist of an overall, gloves and leather apron. However, the clothing should not contain any synthetic fibres, as these can melt when exposed to heat and injure the skin.

All clothing should also have long sleeves and no openings through which metal splashes or radiation can penetrate.

While you are blinded by visible light, ultraviolet light causes damage to your cornea. This is also known as “flashing”. If these rays have a longer effect on your eyes, they can be permanently damaged.


Infrared radiation causes eye cataract diseases. But the rest of your face should also be protected from too much radiation during welding. For this reason, a special protective shield or screen should be used.

This is how your protective clothing protects you:

The protective clothing for welding consists of the following parts:

    Protective glovesSafety shoes (And No: Sandals are not welding shoes! ;))Protective helmet (Replaces welding shield & goggles)Flame resistant protective suit

In earlier times, the necessary protection could only be achieved with particularly thick fabric. Therefore, the clothing was not very comfortable, it was heavy, and the enormous stiffness also restricted the freedom of movement, which is no longer the case today.

In the meantime, there are suitable protective clothing for welders made of special fibre compounds that are much lighter and also much softer. This clothing is therefore much more comfortable and offers a sufficient degree of freedom of movement.

However, leather protective clothing is also widespread, usually consisting of aprons, cuffs and gloves.


Leather is similarly robust and heat-resistant as the high performance fabric. It usually corresponds to test class 2 and offers you comprehensive protection for welding work of any kind.

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